“Coir Wood – a Bio-Wood”


Coir Wood is a composite of the needle felt coir fibre bound with phenol formaldehyde resin. The product is 100% wood free material made out of natural coir fibre. Coir has superior properties like it is a long and hard fibre, is strong due to its high lignin content (45.84 per cent against 39.84 per cent for teak)


It is more resistant than tropical timber against rotting under wet and dry conditions, is naturally termite and borer proof and is economical. One unit of coir wood with a production capacity of 40 cubic metres a day would be able to save 22 trees a day or about 264 acres of tropical forest every year.

APPLICATIONS

Coir Wood has a range of uses within business trades, but most extensively it can be used in building and Furniture making activities, due to its high strength and stable properties. The composition of MDF offers many opportunities for it to be used as an alternative to real wood and it has various beneficial properties; including minimal trim waste, heat and moisture tolerances, termite resistant and excellent machining characteristics


Mainly, it can be used for doors, window panels, partitions, kitchen cabinets, wall paneling, false roofing, false flooring, TV cabinets etc. in construction of houses, buildings etc. Secondly, it can be used to make furniture items such as Tables, Cots, Cupboards, Wardrobes, Chairs, Dressing Tables, Desks etc.


More recently it is also being used for building quake proof shelter houses in various affected areas. MDF is available in an extensive range of thicknesses, lengths and widths depending upon the nature of its use.

Eco Friendly Alternative To Wood


Lignocelluloses natural fibers exhibit properties like biodegradability, recyclability either by composting or by incineration, desirable to be considered as characteristics of sustainable materials. Natural coir fiber composites panel product manufactures from Coir and Jute fibers combined with synthetic resin or other suitable binder is an alternate for wood panel products. Increasing concern about the global warming, primarily due to deforestation has led to the ban on use of wood in government buildings.


Subsequently, A large action plan for the development of wood substitute has resulted in creation of more awareness about the use of natural fibre based building materials. From centuries, mankind has used the natural fibre for various types of application including building materials. In most of the countries, users have explored the possibilities of using the natural fibre from different plants, Wood can never be replaced in its entirety. Considering the depletion to tropical forest and wood, using renewable material like Coir will keep up the ecological balance.


Manufactured as per Bureau of Indian Standards

The fibres are used as raw material with thermosetting adhesive as binder. Indian standard for the product has been evolved and the corresponding number is IS 15491 : 2004. Coir fibre manufactured as per IS 9308(part 2) or IS 9308(part 3) are processed through needled felt plant (non woven system) to make uniform mat in densities according to the requirement.

These fibre mats thus produced are impregnated with thermosetting adhesive and pressed in to panels under controlled temperature, pressure and time to form coir medium density fibre boards. There are three grades of coir medium density fibre boards as per the Indian standard grade 1, grade 2 and grade 3.